Interracial dating marriage articles

The ACLU appealed the Lovings’ conviction, arguing interracial marriage bans contradicted the Fourteenth Amendment’s equal protection clause.Despite this line of argument, lower courts upheld the verdict because, as one jurist wrote, “the fact that [Almighty God] separated the races shows that he did not intend for the races to mix.” After multiple appeals, the case reached the Supreme Court, where Chief Justice Earl Warren’s opinion for the unanimous court declared marriage to be “one of the ‘basic civil rights of man’…To deny this fundamental freedom on so unsupportable a basis as the racial classifications…is surely to deprive all the State’s citizens of liberty.” Warren further ruled that interracial marriage bans were designed expressly “to maintain White Supremacy.” The court’s decision not only struck down an 80-year precedent set in the case Pace v. In the decades that followed, the nation’s views on interracial marriage have undergone a slow sea change.In 1664, Maryland sought to stanch potential interracial marriages by threatening enslavement for white women who married black men.Two years earlier, Virginia had enacted legislation to profit from white men’s sexual relationships with black women.In 1958, the pair were arrested in the middle of the night in their Virginia home after marrying the month before in Washington, D. Pleading guilty to “cohabiting as man and wife, against the peace and dignity of the Commonwealth,” they were offered one year imprisonment or a suspended sentence if they left their native state. After being arrested again in 1963 while visiting relatives in Virginia, Mildred Loving wrote Attorney General Robert F.The Lovings chose exile over prison and moved to D. Kennedy, who in turn referred her to the American Civil Liberties Union.

In 2017, in contrast, 91 percent of Americans believe interracial marriage to be a good or at least benign thing.

Fifty years later, it seems absurd to most of us that such laws ever existed in the first place.

But, as historian Jessica Viñas-Nelson explains, the fear of interracial marriage has been at the center of America's racial anxiety for a very long time.

Many decried it as judicial overreach and resisted its implementation for decades.

The case that brought down interracial marriage bans in 16 states centered on the aptly named Richard and Mildred Loving.

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