Online dating government regulation Sex chat live without registration
Online privacy in Japan is primarily governed by a general law, the Act on Protection of Personal Information (APPI), rather than a specialized law on online privacy.The APPI applies to business operators that hold the personal information of 5,000 or more individuals.It requires all business operators handling personal information to specify the purpose for which personal information is utilized.Data subjects can request disclosure of their personal information that the business operators hold.It recommends that passwords have expiration dates and that IDs are suspended after someone has tried to log in with the wrong password for a certain number of times.It also recommends keeping firewall and antivirus software up to date. With respect to retained personal data, a business operator handling personal information must make the following matters easily available for data subjects: When a business operator has decided not to disclose all or part of such retained personal data, the business operator must notify the data subject of that decision and the underlying reason without delay. A business operator handling personal information must not provide personal data to a third party without the prior consent of the data subject, except where the transfer is The APPI states that a business operator handling personal information must endeavor to appropriately and promptly process complaints about the handling of personal information, and recommends that such business operators establish a system for this processing. When a data subject requests that a business operator handling personal information correct, add, or delete such retained personal data as may lead to the identification of the person on the ground that the retained personal data is contrary to the facts, the business operator must make a necessary investigation without delay. Based on the results of the investigation, the business operator must correct, add, or delete the retained personal data.Also, based on the APPI, ministries have issued guidelines on the protection of personal information. As of 2007, thirty-five guidelines had been issued.The Quality of Life Policy Bureau then called for uniformity in the guidelines. In 2008, a number of government agencies met and decided to modify the guidelines to make them more uniform in accordance with the Cabinet Office’s directive. As of July 2010, there were forty guidelines and they are more uniform than before. Back to Top The APPI applies to any business in Japan that holds personal data.Businesses that hold the personal data of less than 5,000 individuals are excluded. In addition, the press, academic institutions, religious organizations, and political organizations are excluded, though they must try to take “necessary and appropriate measures for controlling the security of personal data, and the necessary measures for the processing of complaints about the handling of personal information.” The term “personal information” means information about a living individual that identifies the specific individual by name, date of birth, or other description contained in such information, including such information as will allow easy reference to other information and will thereby enable the identification of the specific individual. The APPI requires all businesses handling personal information to specify the purpose for which personal information is utilized as much as possible.
The APPI does not provide the details of personal information protection, but establishes basic rules.
These acts may be punished by imprisonment of not more than one year or a fine of not more than 500,000 yen (about US,200). In a 2005 case a person accessed a website without authorization through a security hole and copied the personal information of 1,200 users of the website.
He was found guilty and sentenced to eight months’ imprisonment, but the sentence was suspended. The APPI applies to business operators doing business in Japan. The Japan Information Processing Development Corporation (JIPDEC) established the “Privacy Mark” system in 1998 upon instruction from the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (currently the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, METI).
 Upon acquiring personal information, a business handling such information must promptly notify the data subject of the purpose of its utilization or publicly announce the purpose of utilization of personal information. A business must obtain consent from data subjects before using the information for any other purpose than the one originally stated. However, when the handling of personal information is based on laws and regulations or is necessary for the protection of the life, body, or property of an individual and it is difficult to obtain the consent of the data subject, as well as in other specified cases, prior consent may not be necessary. A business handling personal information cannot change the purpose of utilization to the point where the new purpose of utilization is not duly related to the old one. A business operator cannot acquire personal information by deception or other wrongful means. A business handling personal information must take necessary and proper measures for the prevention of leakage, loss, or damage, and for other security control of the personal data. Two specific measures are prescribed in the law.
One is supervision over the employee who handles personal data.